运动测试的最新推荐及应用
The Latest Recommendations of Exercise Testing and Its Applications
  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2022072801
中文关键词:运动测试  运动前健康筛查  体质健康  健康体适能  慢性疾病
英文关键词:exercise test  exercise preparticipation health screening  physical fitness and health  physical fitness  chronic diseases
基金项目:中山大学校级教学质量与教学改革工程项目(16300-12220011)
作者单位
罗曦娟 中山大学,广东 广州 510275 
王正珍 北京体育大学,北京 100084 
张献博 北京医院,北京 100730 
高瑞芳 常州市体育医院,江苏 常州 213022 
李博文 南京体育学院,江苏 南京 210014 
李新 成都体育学院,四川 成都 610041 
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中文摘要:
      旨在为运动测试的推荐和实践提供最新、最权威的参考,对近年来有关运动测试新研究和权威推荐进行综述。发现运动测试具有广泛、重要的应用价值,但权威指南不再推荐运动测试作为运动前健康筛查流程的一部分,而应由有资质的专业人士根据不同人群的临床情况,依据权威指南对不同人群运动测试的最新推荐,权衡利弊进行个体化的运动测试推荐。同时,应认真进行运动测试前的风险筛查、影响因素评估,并严格按照流程进行测试以保障运动测试的安全性。
英文摘要:
      In order to provide the latest and most authoritative reference for the recommendation and practice of exercise testing, this paper reviews literatures and authoritative recommendations on exercise testing in recent years. Exercise test has extensive and important application value, but authority guidelines recommend no longer exercise tests as part of the exercise preparticipation health screening process. A individualized exercise tests recommendation shall be conducted by qualified professionals according to the clinical situation of different people and the latest recommendations of exercise test for different people in authoritative guides. At the same time, risk screening and influencing factors assessment should be conducted carefully before exercise testing, and the test should be carried out in strict accordance with the process to ensure the safety of exercise testing.
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