儿童和青少年生长发育与肌肉力量发展评述
A Review of Growth and Muscle Strength Development in Children and Adolescents
投稿时间:2023-01-18  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2023011801
中文关键词:儿童和青少年  生长发育  肌肉力量
英文关键词:children and adolescents  growth and development  muscle strength
基金项目:上海市科委“科技创新行动计划”社会发展科技攻关项目(22dz1205100)
作者单位
尹晓峰 上海体育科学研究所(上海市反兴奋剂中心)上海 200030 
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中文摘要:
      儿童和青少年时期是个体整个生命周期内身心发展最为关键的阶段,肌肉力量作为反映个体健康水平的重要维度,越来越得到人们的重视。不同国家和机构发布的公共卫生指南在鼓励儿童和青少年积极参加有氧活动的基础上,相继提出了关于强化肌肉骨骼健康的倡议。总体而言,肌肉力量的发展与表达始终伴随着生长和成熟,本文旨在从生长发育视角,对儿童和青少年肌肉力量的自然性发展进行评述,以期为儿童和青少年人群量身定制合理的运动计划,尤其是系统的抗阻训练方案提供参考和依据。
英文摘要:
      Childhood and adolescence are the most critical stages of an individual's physical and mental development throughout the life cycle. muscle strength is increasingly valued as an important dimension that reflects an individual's health level. Public health guidelines issued by different countries and institutions have successively proposed initiatives to strengthen musculoskeletal health, based on encouraging children and adolescents to participate actively in aerobic activities. In general, the development and expression of muscle strength always accompanies growth and maturity. This paper aims to review the natural development of muscle strength in children and adolescents from the perspective of growth and development. It also provides reference and basis for tailoring reasonable exercise plans for children and adolescents, especially systematic resistance training programs
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