健身去哪儿:历史进程、问题探源与上海路径——基于《上海市体育发展条例》解析
Where to Go for Fitness: Historical Process, Problem Exploration and the Shanghai Path-Based on the Analysis of Shanghai Sports Development Regulations
投稿时间:2024-02-03  
DOI:10.12064/ssr.2024020301
中文关键词:全民健身  体育场地设施  地方立法  上海
英文关键词:national fitness  sports facilities  local legislation  Shanghai
基金项目:上海市教育科研项目(C2022038)
作者单位
黄紫红 华东政法大学 中外法律文献中心上海 200042 
卫新 华东政法大学上海 200042 
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中文摘要:
      我国全民健身场地设施建设正处于补短板和向更高水平发展的阶段,目前存在规划布局有待优化、运营管理有待提升、保障激励有待改进等共性问题。就上海市而言,全民健身场地设施存在“人地矛盾”下总量不足、分布不均衡、多样化不适配,管理运维效率不高,制度障碍限制体育场地设施建设等问题。运用文献资料、案例调研、对比分析等研究方法,针对“健身去哪儿”这一制约上海市体育事业发展和人民群众普遍关心的全民健身发展短板问题,面向体育事业未来发展,基于建设更高水平的全民健身公共服务体系,结合《上海市体育发展条例》解析,针对性地提出发展策略:呼应人民群众多元化、多层次的体育需求,体育惠民,促进优质均衡发展;融合创新、拓展城市全民健身空间;开放共享、持续提升管理运维效能;法治赋能、科技赋能,完善治理体系、提升治理能力,以体育治理现代化促进全民健身场地设施保障和长效发展。
英文摘要:
      China's national fitness facilities are in the stage of strengthening weak links and developing to a higher level. At present, there are common problems such as planning and construction to be optimized, operation and management to be improved, and guarantee and incentive to be improved. In the case of Shanghai where there exists "contradiction between people and land", problems such as insufficient facilities, uneven distribution, lack of diversity, low management and operation efficiency, and institutional obstacles are restricting the construction of sports facilities. This paper, based on research methods such as literature review, case study and comparative analysis as well as the analysis of Shanghai Sports Development Regulations, targeting at the bottleneck problem of "where to go for fitness" that restricts the development of Shanghai sports industry and the national fitness development problems that the general public are concerned about, in consideration of the future development of sports industry and the construction of a higher level national fitness public service system, puts forward the following development strategies: responding to the diversified and multi-level sports needs of the people, promoting high-quality and balanced sports development to benefit the people; integrating and innovating to expand urban fitness spaces for the people; opening and sharing to improve management and operation efficiency; empowered by the rule of law and science and technology to improve the governance system and enhance the governance capacity, so as to promote the modernization of sports governance to ensure the guarantee and long-term development of national fitness facilities.
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